By Bryce Gray St. Louis Post-Dispatch
CHRISTOPHER, Ill. • “Coal has been this county,” says Tom Vaughn, a lifelong resident of Southern Illinois and a Franklin County Board member, before rattling off a brief history of the industry’s local prominence. Decades ago, he says, the county supported seven mines, then just one and then zero, before one eventually reopened.
“We were a single industry,” he says. “Everything depended on the fact that these guys had good-paying jobs.”
Just to the southeast is Saline County, the state’s top coal producer, where 1,090 coal industry jobs were lost in the last five years — the seventh-most of any U.S. county, according to recent data from S&P Global.
Though union mine jobs have disappeared over the years, “Proud Union Home” signs still dot the yards of retirees, hinting at Southern Illinois’ legacy as a formerly reliable stronghold for Democratic-voting coal families. But, even among some traditional Democrats, the coal industry’s struggles helped draw area votes to Donald Trump and other Republican candidates on Nov. 8. (Although Hillary Clinton carried Illinois, Trump handily won Franklin and Saline counties — along with most of the counties outside of Chicago.)
“I’m shocked, ‘cause I’ve never known anything but Democrats here,” Vaughn said.
But now, given Trump’s pro-coal rhetoric, many people across the region express optimism about the incoming administration and newfound hope for the coal industry, which has faced years of challenges and cutbacks.
They see some hopeful signs.
Hamilton County Coal, an underground mining operation near Dahlgren, added 30 jobs this month, citing an “uptick” in the market, according to general manager Ezra French. The mine, owned by Alliance Resource Partners, had laid off about 200 workers in early 2016.
Harrisburg’s Dale Fowler, a Republican state senator-elect who ousted a long-time Democratic incumbent, says the new jobs at the Hamilton County mine are just one sign of newfound industry optimism.
“I have a lot of constituents in coal,” Fowler said. “The orders of equipment and parts have really started to increase [since the election].”
Trump, industry supporters say, will be able to help coal by undoing President Barack Obama’s policies such as the proposed Clean Power Plan, which could extend the lifespan of coal-fired power plants endangered by the plan’s targeted limits on carbon dioxide emissions, thereby propping up demand for the fuel source.
But there are skeptics, including some coal industry insiders, who say the momentum of market forces and technology will be tough to overcome.
Read more on the campaign for a coal severance tax by clicking the links below.